The word "SAMBO" is an acronym for SAMooborona Bez Oruzhiya, which literally translates as "self-defense without weapons". Sambo is relatively modern since its development began in the early 1920s by the Soviet Red Army to improve their hand to hand combat abilities. Intended to be a merger of the most effective techniques of other martial arts, Sambo has roots in Japanese judo, international styles of wrestling, plus traditional folk styles of wrestling such as: Armenian Kokh, Georgian Chidaoba, Moldavian Trîntǎ, Tatar Köräş, Uzbek Kurash, Mongolian Khapsagay and Azerbaijani Gulesh. Sambo is the national sport of Russia and an all around fitness program for fighters and combat sport enthusiasts alike. Sambo is the main discpiline of who some may call the greatest MMA fighter of all time, Fedor Emelianenko.
Each class lasts for one hour. The lesson begins with a 15-20 minute warm-up and stretching. The remaining 40-45 minutes focuses primarily on ground fighting drills and partnered combat.
Grappling is a generic term to describe combat in very close quarters or on the ground, with or without strikes. The goal of a grappler is to make an opponent submit, or give up. This is usually achieved by means of joint locks, compressions, and chokes. If the opponent doesn't give up once a submission move has "sunk in," they will quickly become incapacitated, either because they are unconscious or have a broken limb.